Dialectal variants of the Spanish language: Andalusian Spanish (2023)

“The soul that sings there, that hides and at the same time reveals itself there in the mystery of poetic creation, is not the soul of the poet: it is the soul of his Andalusia, it is the soul of his Spain. The soul of his Andalusian, Gypsy and Roman Spain, open and dense, fragrance and light in the music in the poetry of García Lorca!

“The soul that sings there, hidden and at the same time discovered there in the mystery of poetic creation, is not the poet's soul: it is the soul of his Andalusia, the soul of his Spain. The soul of his Andalusian, Gypsy and Roman Spain, clear and dense, perfume and light, lightened by music in the poetry of García Lorca!

Today we take advantage of these words of the great onesspanish poetand philologistDamaso Alonsoby Federico García Lorca – the most internationalGrenadine(localism to refer to the people of Granada) – in honor of one of the most studied dialects of all languages ​​andcultural variants of the Spanish language:Andalusian Spanish. Why? Because today, February 28th, is theRoof of Andalusia, “Day of Andalusia” in English, the day that commemorates the holding of the referendum that marked the beginning of the founding process of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia1980.

Cliqueon hereto switch to the Spanish version.

Dialectal variants of the Spanish language: Andalusian Spanish (1)

Andalusian Spanish isa linguistic form ofSpanish languageSpoken mainly in Andalusia, Ceuta, Melilla and southern Badajoz province. In addition, Andalusian is a dialect used in the British territory of Gibraltar in the Bay of Algeciras and also coexists with Portuguese in the cities bordering the province of Huelva.

It's not surprising that a language like Spanish is spoken by more than 400 million peopleNative speakers from all over the world, presents distinct and varied dialectal variants. This is the case with the Andalusian dialectthe Andalusian dialects, arich and plentiful subvarietiesthis can be found internally. Andalusia is a living region where we can discover different expressions, unique and specific to each territory.

As mentioned above, Andalusian Spanish is one of the most studied dialects of all Spanish language variants. However, this mainly theoretical perspective did not impress.no social terrain, make roommany topics andfalse myths. It is possible that you have already heard that someone who is not a native speaker of Andalusian Spanish mimics, sometimes even makes fun of, the accent, as well as the peculiarities of this language modality.

However, that is also trueMother tongues are not an exclusive goodNative speakers and it would be interesting if we also accepted Lorca's poetry as one of the most valuable elementsSpanish culture, we also considerAndalusian Spanish as an integral part of the standard variety. Andalusian Spanish is another expression that enriches us all because, moreover, languages ​​and their variants are not watertight compartments with rigidly set borders and boundaries.

Dialectal variants of the Spanish language: Andalusian Spanish (2)

As noted by the University of Seville's "Spanish Spoken in Andalusia" research group, "the Andalusian languageFruit of a long historical tradition, and springs from a development—of Old Spanish—that differs in some respects from that experienced by other modalities of the Spanish language.”

In other words, the Andalusian variety isanother way of speaking Spanish, a variant of the pattern that is the result of hundreds of years of development and evolution, a different discourse that brings richness and variety to the forms of oral expression while offering different perspectives to understand and define the world around us . In fact, with the exception of a few instances found in poetry*, the Andalusians havewrite like any other userSpanish from Spain, apart from its most characteristic features.

* At the beginning of the 20th century, Andalusian Spanish was beginning to be considered a regional languagecultural variant also on the written level. One of the Andalusians who contributed to this development was the big oneFederico Garcia Lorca. He knew that Andalusian Spanish was a language full of joy and musicality, which was reflected in all his poetic and theatrical work. There is also a version of the literary work.The little Prince—written by Antoine Marie de Saint-Exupéry— in Andalusian Spanish.

Dialectal variants of the Spanish language: Andalusian Spanish (3)

As we said at the beginning of this blog, let's not talk about the Andalusian language, but about the Andalusian language. The characteristics and attributes of Spanish spoken in southern Spain appear differently depending on the region, province or city, resulting in very different characteristics both in pronunciation and in the lexicon:ceceoagainstI feel, loss or pursuit of final -s,wasagainstPinoÖmy soul(various terms used in Andalusia to colloquially refer to men or boys), and a long etc.

Just as the Spanish spoken inland or in the north of the Iberian Peninsula shows clear signs of diversity, we can discover a melting pot of different shapes and colors in each of the subvarieties of Andalusian Spanish. In fact, not all Andalusians speak what we colloquially refer to as Andalusian Spanish, as not all areas of Andalusia share the same characteristics or characters that we usually classify as Andalusian. For example in the northern areas of Huelva andSevilla, the variant is closer to the Spanish spoken in Extremadura as well as the Spanish used inGranadait is more similar to that used in Murcia. With this we return to the idea that languages ​​and their dialectical variants are not fixed or respond to established boundaries, but rather behave as oneContinuumwhose elements follow one another without spatial interruption and flow through the different spaces where social interaction takes place.

The Andalusian accent is probably one of the most representative characteristics of the Spanish spoken in southern Spain. Researchers have long noted three general characteristics of the Andalusian language:

  • Fast and varied rhythm in terms of the tone used, creating great contrasts compared to general Spanish due to the rather monochromatic tone of Spanish from the interior of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Certain ways of articulating sounds that have a different distribution, producing certain phonemes more relaxed and others more tense.
  • A set of pronunciation features - shared with other areas - that are more common in Andalusia, reaching high concentration and social relevance.

UsI cannot say that there is a correct grammar of Andalusian Spanish, of theGrammatikThe one used in the south is the same as in the rest of the country. However, we can observe some variations in the use of personal pronouns, for example the use ofyourinstead ofall from you- although this is not a regular problem. We can also find some archaic uses in certain verbs, such as the use ofto be the verbas a helperhaber. For example.if i knewinstead ofif I had noticed.

Lexicon: Andalusian Spanish Vocabulary

Dialectal variants of the Spanish language: Andalusian Spanish (4)

The types of meaning refer to concrete case studies from the University of Seville:

Rural and related voices

• Instruments: cApache(The way),barcina(Esparto net),Munchkin(Potato),Loss(cutting machine)

• Rural machines:alfarje(more),for the study(hose, valve),alma mater(I would go.)

• Level:field, swamp, pay(vineyard or olive grove),farmhouse, balat(ditch/wall)

• Plants and fruits:Alhucema, Gurumelo(Mushroom),jinjolero(deciduous shrub),Alcaucil(Artichoke),peach(Peach),father but(Garbage),mistake(sugar cane);Insurance(orange slice);desmiolado(Guide to Growing a Tree)

• Agricultural activities:slower(beat),esmuir(sorting out)

maritime voices

• Pez:options(River fish),stayÖZafio(Kings),easy easy(fat squid),Banco(n) (school of fish),Brótola, Chanquete(two different local fish).

• Boats:she brought,Bowling(a type of ship)


• Human:pea(chickpeas/peas/beans),alboronia(Vegetable stew),distinguish / -o(eras),heat and knit(Churros),hallo(eras),repápalo(round bun, donut),Chile(Andalusian salt)

• Legacy:Saved(Saved),pea(basic cultures)


sovereignjcurved(upper part of the house),Sardine,Sardine, miDiscount(input step),Casalicio(large house),Cabinet(pantry),NOT CORRECT(Penthouse).


Make a good (/bad) margin, called(Enlightenment),Boria(Fog),clear day(Dusk),flour(to water) andHarinilha(drizzle),Fest(scorching heat)


• About people (positive connotations):(d) rolled up(healthy, robust),jirocho(pleased)march(clear)

• About people (negative connotations):majaretamimajaron(Lok),a wagon(rogue),ChaladomiLok(Lok),Gili(To deceive),(d)esabori(d)o, chuchurri(d)o(withered, cracked),under(To deceive),Frangollón(making things late and bad),parguela(To deceive)

• Positive feelings:Kamel(want)

• Negative feelings:meeting(shame, jealousy),Vela(in the interim),Mut(anger, anger)

Like any other languageAndalusian Spanish is linked to peoples and cultures. Andaluz is Andalusian Spanish and the language of the big onesGenieswie Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Pablo Picasso oderFederico Garcia Lorca.

noDon Quixote, we hope you enjoy this article and that it will help you expand your knowledge of the variety of Spanish spoken in cities such asMalaga,SevillaÖCadiz.


What dialect of Spanish is spoken in Andalucia? ›

The Andalusian dialects of Spanish (Spanish: andaluz, pronounced [andaˈluθ], local: [andaˈluh, ændæˈlʊ]) are spoken in Andalusia, Ceuta, Melilla, and Gibraltar.

Is Andalusian Spanish a dialect? ›

Andalusian Spanish

This dialect is perhaps the most distinct of the southern varieties of peninsular Spanish, differing from other variants especially in the way it sounds.

What are the 5 dialects of Spanish? ›

Even in Spain, there are five major dialects in the country: Castilian, Galician, Asturian, Basque, and Catalan. Of these, Castilian is the most common with 72% of the people speaking this dialect.

How many variants of Spanish language are there? ›

The answer to the above question is: There are ten major Spanish dialects. Generally, languages seem to be named after a certain culture or the people or inhabitants of a country.

What are the 3 dialects in Spain? ›

How many languages are spoken in Spain? As a general rule, the peninsula is home to five different languages: Aranese, Basque, Catalan, Galician and Spanish.

What are the 4 dialects in Spain? ›

The most common language in Spain is Spanish which is currently spoken by 94% of the total population as their first or second language. This is followed by Catalan (16%), Galician (5.64%) and Basque (1.26%).

What is the difference between Andalusian and Spanish? ›

The main variation between Andalusian and Castilian Spanish is that Andalusian neutralizes the distinctive sounds commonly referred to as “the Spanish Lisp.” The lisping 's' sound in words like hacer (to do) and gracias (thank you) affects the pronunciation of three different letters: 's', 'z', and 'c' (when it is ...

What are the two dialects in Spain? ›

Catalan and Galician are the main languages used by the respective regional governments and local administrations.

What language is spoken in Andalucía? ›

Andalusian Spanish is a linguistic modality of the Spanish language spoken mainly in Andalusia, Ceuta, Melilla and the southern areas of the province of Badajoz.

What are the four dialects? ›

Four dialects of the Old English language are known: Northumbrian in northern England and southeastern Scotland; Mercian in central England; Kentish in southeastern England; and West Saxon in southern and southwestern England.

How many types of dialects are there? ›

The three main types of dialects are regional, standard, and sociolect. Regional dialects are influenced by a person's geographical location and environment.

What are the eight major dialects? ›

The Philippines has 8 major dialects. Listed in the figure from top to bottom: Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tagalog, and Waray. The language being taught all over the Philippines is Tagalog and English.

What is the variation of Spanish language? ›

In translation, the most common Spanish variants include LATAM, Mexican, U.S., European or Iberian, and neutral.

What are variants in language? ›

Language varieties are defined as systems of linguistic expression whose use is governed by language-external factors (e.g. register, geography, real time). Variants, on the other hands, refer to different ways of expressing the same meaning or function.

What are variant forms of language? ›

The term linguistic variation (or simply variation) refers to regional, social, or contextual differences in the ways that a particular language is used. Variation between languages, dialects, and speakers is known as interspeaker variation.

What is the most common Spanish dialect? ›

Castilian Spanish

Castilian Spanish is perhaps the most widely-known of all the Spanish dialects. With Castilian Spanish, there are actually different verb conjugations than other Spanish-speaking countries.

What is the original Spanish dialect? ›

Spanish originated in the Iberian Peninsula as a dialect of spoken Latin, which is today called “Vulgar Latin,” as opposed to the Classical Latin used in literature. The dialect of Spanish that we consider dominant in Europe is called Castellano or Castilian Spanish.

What are the 10 Spanish dialects spoken around the world? ›

Popular Spanish Dialects You Should Know
  • Castilian. (Peninsular Spanish) ...
  • Andalusian. (Peninsular Spanish) ...
  • Murcian. (Peninsular Spanish) ...
  • Canarian. (Canarian Spanish) ...
  • Llanito. (Gibralter Spanish) ...
  • Latin American Spanish. (LATAM Spanish) ...
  • Rioplatense Spanish. (LATAM Spanish) ...
  • Caribbean Spanish. (LATAM Spanish)
May 11, 2021

Are all dialects of Spanish the same? ›

The main differences between the Spanish dialects and varieties are the pronunciation and the vocabulary. This means that the difference exists mainly in spoken language because Spanish grammar, especially in writing, is identical across Spanish-speaking countries.

What Spanish dialects are in Spain? ›

The dialect spoken by most Spanish speakers is basically Castilian, and indeed Castellano is still the name used for the language in several American countries. The other languages spoken in Spain include Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, Caló, Catalan-Valencian-Balear, Extremaduran, Fala, and Galician.

What are the characteristics of Andalusian Spanish? ›

Probably the best-known feature of Andalusian Spanish – one that it shares with Canary Island and Latin American Spanish – is the merger of the coronal fricative phonemes /s/ and /θ/, which in Castilian Spanish correspond to the letters s and z (or c before i or e) respectively.

Who speaks Andalusian Spanish? ›

You'll hear the Andalusian accent most often in the Southern most regions of Spain, but it's not unusual to hear it a little further afield. While it's not as popular as the Castillian Spanish dialect, Andalusian still has a range of identifiers you can learn to listen out for and include in your own speech.

What does the word Andalusian mean? ›

: a native or inhabitant of Andalusia. : any of a breed of horses of Spanish origin that have a high-stepping gait.

Why are there different Spanish dialects? ›

As a language spreads, it evolves and changes to its surroundings and creates a new dialect. Many social groups and isolated areas eventually form their own unique dialect from the original language. There are dozens of different Spanish dialects throughout the world for you to discover!

What is Andalusia called now? ›

Andalusia is the only European region with both Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines.
Andalusia Andalucía (Spanish)
Statute of Autonomy28 February 1980 / 18 February 2007 (current version)
Capital (and largest city)Seville
ProvincesAlmería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Jaén, Málaga, Granada, Huelva, Seville
39 more rows

Why is it called Andalusia? ›

former name of southern Spain, from Spanish, from al Andalus, Arabic name for the entire peninsula, which probably is from Late Latin *Vandalicia "the country of the Vandals" (see vandal) in reference to the Germanic tribe that, with others, overran the Western Empire 3c.

What are people from Andalucia called? ›

The Andalusians (Spanish: andaluces) are a European ethnic group, native to Andalusia, an autonomous community in southern Spain.

What are the 5 varieties of language? ›

of different kinds of Language Varieties:
  • pidgin.
  • creole.
  • regional dialect.
  • minority dialect.
  • indigenized varieties.

What are common dialects? ›

Top Dialects of the English Language
  • American English (Americas)
  • British English (Europe)
  • Canadian English (Americas)
  • Australian English (Oceania)
  • New Zealand English (Oceania)
  • South African English (Africa)
  • Irish English (Europe)
  • Indian English (Asia)
Aug 28, 2015

What are the most common dialects? ›

The 4 Most Common Languages Spoken Around the World
  1. English. While only about 360 million people are native English speakers, 1.5 billion people worldwide can speak English. ...
  2. Mandarin Chinese. Over 1.1 billion people speak Mandarin, but Chinese is not a single language. ...
  3. Hindustani. ...
  4. Spanish.
Jun 19, 2019

What is the difference between dialect and variant? ›

A dialect is a variety of a language spoken by a group of people that is systematically different from other varieties in both structure and lexical features. All speakers of a language speak a dialect of the language. Variation is a natural part of language.

How are dialects classified? ›

There is no 'easy' way to classify dialects. One must first select the criteria on which a classification is to be based. Sometimes dialect classification is based strictly on geography, sometimes it is based strictly on the structural features – lexicon, phonology, morphology – of the dialects.

What language has 12 dialects? ›

The Central dialect of Rotokas possesses one of the world's smallest phoneme inventories. (Only the Pirahã language has been claimed to have fewer.) The alphabet consists of twelve letters, representing eleven phonemes.

What are the three American dialects? ›

Here are three distinct types of English dialects in America and some popular phrases commonly used in each respective region.
  • Cajun Vernacular English. Cajun English is predominately spoken in, you guessed it, Louisiana. ...
  • New England English. ...
  • Texas English.
Apr 8, 2021

What is the oldest known dialect? ›

1. Egyptian – 2690 BC (circa. 4700 years old)
  • The first known language ever was a proto-language on the African continent, and the first known proto-writing system was created in Nigeria.
  • So, it is perhaps no surprise that the oldest language on this list is also from and used in Africa – Egyptian.
Mar 2, 2022

What is the oldest dialect in the world? ›

Sumerian can be considered the first language in the world, according to Mondly. The oldest proof of written Sumerian was found on the Kish tablet in today's Iraq, dating back to approximately 3500 BC.

Is dialect a variation of language? ›

Dialects are social or regional variations of a language that are distinguished by grammar, pronunciation, and/or vocabulary. Dialects often differ from the standardised version of the language.

Which dialect of Spanish should I learn? ›

It all depends on your interests and future plans. If you want to travel or study in Spain, focus on the Castilian standard. If your interests lie in Latin America, opt for the Mexican or Guatemalan dialect of Spanish.

How do you explain variants? ›

This means that, over time, the virus may start to differ slightly in terms of its genetic sequence. Any changes to the viral genetic sequence during this process is known as a mutation and viruses with new mutations are sometimes called variants.

What are the examples of variant? ›

A variant is another version of something. You could say chimps and apes and gorillas are variants in the primate family. Words often have variants, spellings that vary from region to region or country to country. The British colour and the American color are variants.

What are variants simple definition? ›

(VAYR-ee-unt) An alteration in the most common DNA nucleotide sequence. The term variant can be used to describe an alteration that may be benign, pathogenic, or of unknown significance. The term variant is increasingly being used in place of the term mutation.

What is language dialect and variety? ›

define dialect: "A regional or social variety of a language characterized by its own phonological, syntactic, and lexical properties." A variety spoken in a particular region is called a regional dialect (regiolect, geolect); some regional varieties are called regionalects or topolects, especially to discuss varieties ...

What are the two main factors in language variation? ›

Factors that influence it include gender, age, social class, etc. The factors that influence a speaker's or writer's choice of language vary, and they include the context that surrounds the speaker or writer, the age, gender, culture, etc.

Is Andalusia a Castilian? ›

Despite the extended North African presence in the region, the modern Andalusian population is largely descended from Castilians who settled the area after it was reconquered and from the autochthonous Christian population (referred to as Mozarabs, < Arabic musta'rab) that had inhabited the region from before the ...

Do they speak Catalan in Andalucia? ›

Catalan as a language is a bit closer to French and Italian than to Spanish or Portuguese. On the other hand, we, Andalusians, speak our own local dialect of Castilian. A main feature of Andalusian Spanish is the tendency for speakers to cut off the final “s” sounds in words.

Is Andalusian Spanish different? ›

The main variation between Andalusian and Castilian Spanish is that Andalusian neutralizes the distinctive sounds commonly referred to as “the Spanish Lisp.” The lisping 's' sound in words like hacer (to do) and gracias (thank you) affects the pronunciation of three different letters: 's', 'z', and 'c' (when it is ...

Is Vosotros used in Andalucia? ›

' 'The second person plural pronoun vosotros/vosotras is the form commonly used in Spain for familiar address, although in western Andalusia it alternates with ustedes.

What race is Andalusian? ›

The Andalusians (Spanish: andaluces) are a European ethnic group, native to Andalusia, an autonomous community in southern Spain.

What is the rare accent in Spain? ›

Murcian. This dialect is mostly spoken in the southern region of Spain. It is similar to Andalusian Spanish with some minor exceptions. Murcian is considered to be a very rarely used dialect.

Why is Spain called Andalusia? ›

The Arabic name Al-Andalus was originally applied by the Muslims (Moors) to the entire Iberian Peninsula; it likely refers to the Vandals who occupied the region in the 5th century.

Was Andalusia Arab? ›

Andalusi Arabic (Arabic: اللهجة العربية الأندلسية), also known as Andalusian Arabic, was a variety or varieties of Arabic spoken mainly from the 9th to the 17th century in Al-Andalus, the regions of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal) once under Muslim rule.

What makes Andalusia unique? ›

Andalusia is known for its wine and brandy, which are produced in Jerez (where sherry originated), Niebla, Montilla, and Málaga. The provinces of Sevilla, Córdoba, and Jaén process large quantities of olive oil and together account for about two-thirds of Spanish production.

What does Andalusian style mean? ›

The Andalusian architecture is defined by the Roman and Islamic legacy, which date back to 218 B-C- and 711 A.C. These cultures have left their mark through vaulted ceilings, pebbled courtyards, painted tiles, water features and century-old stone walls.

What are Andalusians known for? ›

Over its centuries of development, the Andalusian breed has been selected for athleticism and stamina. The horses were originally used for classical dressage, driving, bullfighting, and as stock horses. Modern Andalusians are used for many equestrian activities, including dressage, show jumping and driving.


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